History of ballet
Ballet developed under aristocratic influence as a formalized form of dance. A formal dance technique is combined with costumes, sets and music as other forms of artistic elements. Dance integrated dance, music, scenography and poetry to create a dramatic story. In the beginning, its role was practically a component of the opera, but we tell you how was the history of ballet.
Its origins date back to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and began as a form of entertainment for aristocrats. Ballet began in the Italian Renaissance courts and spread from Italy to France by Catherine de Medici. It later became a form of concert dance in France and Russia. King Louis XIV founded the Royal Academy of Music, from which the Ballet de l’Opéra de Paris became the first professional ballet company. In Russia, ballet began its modern era.
Ballet depended on aristocratic money that influenced music, literature and ideas and the development of ballet. In time, ballet became less dependent on royal courts.
At one time the most popular ballet stages were founded such as Royal Danish Ballet, Imperial Ballet of the Russian Empire, The Royal Ballet in London, San Francisco Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, The Australian Ballet, The New York City Ballet, The National Ballet of Canada, and so on.
Ballet in the Renaissance
At the time of the Renaissance in Italy, ballet was the type of entertainment at aristocratic weddings. Court dancers and musicians collaborated to entertain aristocrats at celebrations. One of the first masters of ballet dancing was Domenico da Piacenza. The first ballet was Ballet de Polonaise performed in 1573. Traditional shoes were not yet worn, and the costumes were formal dresses.
At the time of the Renaissance in France, the ballet was more formalized by Pierre Beauchamp. He coded five positions of the feet and arms. The famous ballet dancer and choreographer Jean. Baptiste Lully often plays King Louis XIV in his ballets. Lully collaborated with Moliére, the French playwright, and the comedia-ballet was created. Lully also created the genre tragédie en musique.
Ballet spread throughout Europe in Germany, Spain, Poland and Portugal in the courts. In Poland, King Wladyslaw IV Vasa promoted this dance. Ballet dancers organized themselves into professional ballet groups and performed for aristocrats as they toured Europe.
In the 18th century in France. The movements of the dancers were designed to express the storytelling and characters. This is how ballet became an essential part of opera dramatization. It was included in operas as interludes called divertisements. A major role in this development was the French dancer and ballet master Jean-Georges Noverre and composer Christoph Gluck. Dance, music, and set design came together to support the plot. Three formal techniques were developed: sérieux, demi-caractére and comique.
Venice was also a dance centre. The dancers traveled there for cultural exchange. In Hungary professional ballet groups were held all over the country.
Ballet XIX century
In the 19th century, ballet dancers were more popular. Female dancers played male roles in history. Vienna became an important centre for ballet education. Ballet moved away from the simply aristocratic audience. Some famous dancers experimented with a new formal element of a ballet called the state-of-the-art technique. In this way, the dancer obtained the ideal stage figure. Pointed ballet shoes were developed and maintained as a formal part of the ballet code.
In the romantic movement, the ballet choreography became free, light, airy, and the dancers appeared as fragile beings who could rise effortlessly creating the sensation of floating in the air.
At one point, folklore became part of ballet dancing, so popular-style dancing developed.
National ballets such as the Ukrainian National Opera, the Hungarian National Ballet, the Prague National Theatre Ballet and the Vienna State Ballet were established.
The Russian ballet is considered a traditional ballet and had great importance in the history of ballet. Colonialism influenced histories with oriental, Asian and African elements. It also developed in Denmark.
A short rigid skirt used as a suit, called a tutu, became the formal element of the ballet. The tutu fault is supported by crinoline to allow acrobatic work.
Ballet century XXI
In the 20th century, the Russian ballet was returned to Paris due to the later exile of the Revolution. In Russia, there was stagnation in the ballet scene. Ideological pressure shattered socialists. However, there was dazzling virtuosity, technical perfection and strength.
Fokine went to the United States. He was not satisfied with the athletic display and the beauty of ballet. He demanded of the dancers the expression and investigation of history and the use of authentic period costumes.
In America, ballet adapted to new media, such as television and cinema. The theme was more dramatic than a plot. There was more free thinking than a traditional narrative. The traditional tutu was changed to a biased cut to give the dancer more freedom of movement.
Neoclassical ballet developed a style between classical and contemporary ballet. The ballet returned to a more simplistic style, against an excessively dramatic style. The large ensembles and accessories were eliminated allowing the dancers to become the main artistic medium.
Contemporary ballet mixed elements of classical ballet and modern dance. It is not strictly traditional. It uses cutting-edge technique as well as working on the floor and turning the legs. A great influence of this genre had Mikhail Baryshnikov, director of the American Ballet Theatre in 1980.
Ballet in Argentina
European ballet companies began lucrative theatre tours in North, Central and South America in the mid-19th century. The prestigious Colón theatre in Buenos Aires, Argentina, had received foreign ballet artists on its stage, with touring companies from Europe presenting full ballets as early as 1867. In the 1880s, the Teatro Colón had its own professional ballet company. It would still be several decades before most countries outside Europe could claim their own professional ballet companies.